This question has to do with the limits of human authorities and more particularly with the jurisdictional boundaries of the civil government.
“The pathway to renewal and mission necessitated a literary demolition of what was a regnant theological narrative in far too many Baptist circles, namely, that of High Calvinism, which gloried in eternal justification and rejected the free offer of the gospel.”
The Theonomic use of the Mosaic judicial law must be rejected. It obscures the proper relevance of the judicial law to the church, the visible and spiritual kingdom of Christ, in its attempt to apply it to non-Theocratic civil governments.
Throughout the New Testament the Sabbath principle retains its binding status. However, Romans 14:5-6, Galatians 4:9-11, and Colossians 2:16-17 are all often cited as evidence that the Sabbath is no longer binding.
Although Keach authored this work in the seventeenth century, his correctional insights about local church controversy are relevant to every generation of Christians. As such, the remainder of this article features what Keach deemed to be “common causes of discord [in a local church].”
Etymologically, theocracy means “God-rule.” Theologically, however, defining this word is much more difficult.
God set forth a plan with a definite purpose; it would unfold according to specific principles embedded within the triune God himself and consistent with the final purpose.
“One major difficulty in critiquing Theonomy is the diversity of thought within the ranks of Christian Reconstructionists. There is a substantial difference of opinion among ‘Theonomists’ as to the specific application of Old Testament laws.”
In his magnificent work, A Treatise on the Law and the Gospel, John Colquhoun has a chapter titled “Rules for Rightly Understanding the Ten Commandments” (pp 85-98), which is similar to Question 99 of the Westminster Larger Catechism, “What rules are to be observed for the right understanding of the Ten Commandments?”
It is not my goal to provide a thorough overview of Christian Reconstruction. Others have done this well. Something must be said, however, about the basic sources of this movement and the major tenets of Theonomy or Christian Reconstruction.